The majority of the population has dealt with these conditions, some in a mild manner and others in a more severe way. We are talking about dark skin spots or hyperpigmentation areas caused by an overproduction of melanin in the skin, the pigment that causes skin, hair and eye coloring. Although there are also cases in which the pigmentation issue is the complete opposite and instead of having too much melanin in one spot, there could be a deficiency of it, creating white and pale spots in our skin.
All blemishes represent an alteration in skin pigmentation and not all of them have to be necessarily treated. That’s why, before deciding whether to get a brightening procedure the ideal solution is to spot them, analyze the cause of it if possible, and then be able to make the right decision when they appear and eliminate or reduce them if possible, at the right time.
Sun exposure, hormonal changes, skin irritation and acne scars are all factors that can lead to hyperpigmentation. The truth is that there are multiple factors such as race, genetics, age, and other conditions that cause us to have this condition on our faces. Our skin is delicate and we must be very careful with it, as we can also contract diseases such as autoimmune and certain conditions, such as metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies. Hyperpigmentation is also a side effect of certain hormone treatments, drugs and other medications.
Dark skin spots or hyperpigmentation are due to an overproduction of melanin in the skin, the pigment that causes skin, hair and eye coloring. An overproduction that, although normally linked to sun exposure, can also be due to other factors such as hormonal alterations, external, hereditary and skin aggressions which sometimes tend to be overlooked. These skin aggressions are called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and appear as a result of skin aggressions such as acne, high-stress levels, anxiety, heat, dust, cold, as well as abuse of certain cosmetic procedures or having them applied by someone without proper experience.
Diverse treatment options exist for our commodity depending on the severity of the patient’s pigmentation such as:
Peelings – Peeling is a treatment in which an acidic solution is applied to the face, which seeks to remove the outer layers of the skin. In addition to reducing facial blemishes, it also enhances and makes the skin texture smooth by evening out the tone, acting as a brightening treatment too. It is important to note that this treatment will always be performed when the blemish is not growing or in a specific hormonal process such as pregnancy.
Laser Therapy – It involves using laser technology in the affected area to remove and reduce stains painlessly and more accurately than general peelings. In addition to removing skin pigmentation, it is also used for facial rejuvenation. The condition of the skin and blemishes will determine the number of sessions required. It is considered one of the most efficient pigmentation treatments available in the market.
There are other options to consider such as creams that specialize and work as brightening treatment or other active ingredients that can help decrease melanin production and reduce the appearance of dark spots.
Without a doubt, anti-stain cosmetics are the least invasive alternative. However, we must choose products that really suit the characteristics of our skin and blemishes. Always bearing in mind that the results of these creams will be visible in the long term opposed to the other options previously mentioned.